mangrove studies in the philippines

Mangroves play a crucial role in marine ecosystem since it supports vital elements in the food chain. This study was a descriptive survey on the assessment of mangroves conducted to identify the mangrove structures in the coastal areas of Enclaro, Binalbagan. DENR is targeting to plant mangroves in more than 50K hectares of swamps, especially in areas frequently hit by typhoons. 128 pp. The present state of Mangrove ecosystems in Southeast Asia and the Impact of Pollution: Regional. Mangrove zones in Ajuy and Pedada bays have very few remaining species . Henry Adoraro, Director, Ecosystem Research and Development Bureau stated, “Mangroves provide shelter and protection to the community. The Philippines is known to be one of the mangrove biodiversity centers in the world (next to Indonesia). This scarcity of species is not normal. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Based on the first full assessment of all mangrove forests of the world (Fig. Understanding the role of mangroves in enhancing coastal ecosystem health, and providing evidences that it will save lives and properties will be vital in crafting policies that will govern mangrove management. It is believed that the Handbook will help promote mangrove rehabilitation in Panay, and set a model for other areas in the Philippines as well. These protected mangroves are in Palawan, Siargao, Malampaya Sound, Biri Larosa, El Nido, Tanon Strait, Northern Sierra Madre, Dumanquilas Bay, Sibuyan Islands, and Calauit Island. Mangroves are also among the carbon-rich forests providing protection against strong waves and storm surges. The threats include: IUCN: Mangrove forests in worldwide decline. 1994). 1986; DENR Studies on farming the seaweed Caulerpa [Clopohita, siphonales] in two mangrove areas in The Philippines. This event was part of a series of Mangrove Summits that focus on the state of mangroves, and mangrove management all around the Philippines. “The potential loss of these species is a symptom of widespread destruction and exploitation of mangrove forests,” says Beth Polidoro, Researcher and Principal Author, Global Marine Species Assessment Unit, in a joint study with IUCN and Conservation International. South China Seas Fisheries Development and Coordinating Programme, FAO, UNEP, Manila. The 2-day summit was hosted by Ms. Abigail Favis, a faculty of Ateneo’s Environmental Science Department and Campus Sustainability Program Manager of Ateneo’s Institute of Sustainability. Random sampling was used and with a total number of six Together, we can make a progressive approach on mangrove research and management! In mangroves alone, the country holds at least 50 % mangrove species of the world’s approximately 65 species. Without these conditions, the propagation or conservation of mangroves is difficult or next to impossible to achieve. As DENR’s PAWD takes the lead in propagating mangrove forests in the Philippines, let us find a way to lend support to this cause by joining mangrove tours to help our local coastal communities purchase mangrove seedlings and restore their mangrove forests. But apart from the natural and human threats, Mangroves require relatively intact hydrographic and salinity regimes. The study was conducted for the purpose to identify mangroves diversity and assessment in barangay Cagdianao particularly near the mining area for the purpose of rehabilitation and conservation. To address mangrove degradation, various mangrove planting programs have been implemented in the last thirty years. The transition in utilisation of mangrove forests described above is observed in the Philippines. In The Department of Environmental Science of the Ateneo de Manila University successfully hosted the 1st State of the Mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon on October 23-24, 2014, with more than 50 participants coming from the academe, national agencies, various NGOs, and local government units found along the coast of Northwestern Luzon. We also study the role of mangrove ecosystem health (as disturbed, restored and intact) in the vulnerability, adaptability (through sequestration of atmospheric CO2), and resiliency of mangroves against sea level rise. “Mangroves form one of the most important tropical habitats that support many species, and their loss can affect marine and terrestrial biodiversity more widely.”. Mangrove forests are vital to coastal communities as they help protect against damage caused by tsunami waves, erosion and storms, and serve as a nursery for fish and other species that support coastal livelihoods. The study, which was led by researchers in Singapore, found that while global mangrove area had shrunk over the 20-year study period from 1996, about a … Philippine mangroves chart (2.17 MB) Since mangrove forests grow where saltwater meets the shore in tropical and subtropical regions, they serve as an interface between terrestrial, fresh-water and marine ecosystems. We also study the role of mangrove ecosystem health (as disturbed, restored and intact) in the vulnerability, adaptability (through sequestration of atmospheric CO2), and resiliency of mangroves against sea level rise. Created Date: 3/10/2004 9:26:45 AM 1979. The link between land and the sea. Tubalan, Brgy. One of the major threats to mangroves is the rapidly grow- ing aquaculture industry. The study covered 44.56 hectares of mangroves, composed of 27.64 hectares from the Iloilo River and 16.92 from the Batiano River. 2008), will further reduce mangrove areas in the country. With the mangroves’ distinctive stilt and prop roots extending from the trunk, mangroves thrive in areas of soft, waterlogged, and oxygen-poor soil by using aerial and horizontal roots to gain a foothold in the soil. 4.2 Case studies: mangrove reforestation with Environmental Cash for Work in Mindoro and Palawan 67 4.2.1 Socio-economic backgrounds of the four barangays 69 4.2.2 Methodology and sampling 73 4.2.3 Summary: the state, use and management of mangroves at the barangay level 74 4.3 Main findings of the mangrove reforestation case study 77 Imelda is one of the … He also presented the results of his consultancy work on Blue Carbon Assessment in the Verde Island Passage (VIP) in Conservation International main office in VA. Congratulations team! It will focus specifically on historical changes in two distinct areas in the Philippines, namely Bais Bay and Banacon Island, selected by virtue of their regional ecological signifi-cance and the fact that local planting of mangroves had been documented in each (Cabahug et al. We updated our list of publication including 2018 articles as well as non-mangrove articles. In 2013, global Landsat imaging done from 1990-2010 by Jordan B. We welcome volunteers – researchers, students, advocates – to help us generate information and knowledge about Philippine mangroves. Washington, D.C. USA / Manila, Philippines - Climate change and coastal development are increasing the risks to people and property from flooding across the globe. A critical discussion of these reviews is presented here. Figure 4 presents a summary of mangrove ecosystem value averages from around the world, which sum up to USD3,294 ha/year (Constanze et al. BSC Management; BSC Accounting (Assumption College, San Lorenzo, Makati); Assumption High School (San Lorenzo, Makati). The total mangrove area accounts for 0.7% of total Imelda, Dinagat Island, Philippines. historical studies of human inÔø½uences on mangrove forests. Title: Local Management of Mangrove Forests in the Philippines: Successful Cons ervation or Efficient Resource Exploitation? More than 1 in 6 (17%) mangrove species worldwide are in danger of extinction largely due to coastal development, climate change, logging and agriculture, according to the first-ever global assessment on the conservation status of mangroves for the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) considers the mangrove forest as a bridge between terrestrial and marine environments, and as a productive ecosystem. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) was recently mentioned on UNTV News on 05-September-2017 as continuously pushing for the periodic planting of mangroves. In fact, study shows that a kilometer-wide of mangrove area can reduce the tsunamis by 70% when it comes to strength.”. The Ateneo de Manila University is hosting the 1st State of the Mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon on October 23-24, 2014. Besides this mangroves also provide construction timber for houses and fish traps and firewood. Philippine mangrove ecosystems remain largely deforested, with a reforestation rate remaining at an alarmingly low level. Out of the world’s more than 70 salt-tolerant mangrove species, around 46 species exist in the Philippines. Mangroves are thus home to terrestrial and marine life. Retired World Bank Group Operations Analyst. As a result of the assessment, 11 out of 70 (16%) mangrove species have been placed on the IUCN Red List. According to JICA, studying the mangroves that survived Typhoon Yolanda was crucial in the study of blue carbon system conservation. Mangrove forests can roof a number of endemic bird species that are endangered. The Philippines harbour 39 species of true mangroves belonging to the following genera: Acanthus, Camptostemon, Lumnitzera, Excoecaria, Pemphis, Xylocarpus, Aegiceras, Osbornia, Nypa, Aegialitis, Bruguiera, Ceriops, Kandelia, Rhizophora, Scyphiphora, and Sonneratia. mangrove forest is essential in preserving and protecting the remaining mangrove forest in the Philippines. Mangroves transfer organic matter and energy from land to sea, forming the base of many marine food sources. Posted By: Vicky Viray-Mendoza However, there have been massive mangrove losses particularly during the 1970s-1990s periods. Studies also showed that the Philippines has about 50 percent of the total mangrove species in the world. historical studies of human influences on mangrove forests. Mangrove forest is one of the vital ecosystems in tropical countries. The 2nd State of the Mangroves Summit was held at the Faber Hall of Ateneo de Manila University on October 1-2, 2015. Mangroves also play a vital role in trapping and filtering sediments, which help protect coastlines. X. That will rehab the murky waters not cancerous artificial white sand on a half … About 49K hectares (19%) of total national area is protected by IUCN for long-term conservation purposes. Fortes, M.D. These students did their theses with the project with topics on biodiversity, carbon sequestration, sea level rise, and impacts of increased sea surface temperature. Mangrove forest and vegetation The actual area of mangrove forest in the Philippines is not certainly known. He presented ““Coastal Ecosystems and their Blue Carbon Science, Conservation and Policy Progress”. Mangroves are a source of alcohol, medicines, tannin, timber, and housing materials. in 1993. 2013). DENR spends roughly Php50K per hectare as part of the National Greening Program to plant mangroves. 2013; Gilman et al. Tech Rep UNDP/UNESCO Research and Training Pilot Programme on Mangrove Ecosystems in Asia and the Pacific (RAS/79/002). Mangroves along the coastlines significantly decrease the dangers and havoc brought on by typhoons, storm surges, and tsunamis. It will focus speciÔø½cally on historical changes in two distinct areas in the Philippines, namely Bais Bay and Banacon Island, selected by virtue of their regional ecological signiÔø½-cance and the fact that local planting of mangroves had been Historical research has enhanced understanding of past human influences on forests and provides insights that can improve current conservation efforts. Mangroves in the Philippines were reduced from an original area of about 500,000 ha to approximate 288,000 ha. in 1970, and further to 123,400 ha. Some photos here. In addition, they have an incredible ability to seize carbon from the atmosphere, and serve as both a source and storage for nutrients for inshore marine habitats, such as seagrass beds and coral reefs. Importance of Mangrove ecosystem services: Threats. 1997). Batiano River, which hosts 19 mangrove species, has18, 491.83 tons of carbon sink while it has a potential to emit 67,865 tons of carbon dioxide. Mangrove ecosystems are most diverse in South Asian seas and least diverse in Caribbean seas. Continue reading 2nd State of the Mangroves Summit: Southern Luzon →. More than 35% of the world’s mangroves are already gone. Manual on Mangrove Reversion of Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds (2.92 MB) 2. 2nd State of the Mangroves Summit: Southern Luzon, ADMU holds 1st State of the Mangroves: Northwestern Luzon, Philippine Mangroves: Biodiversity, Conservation and Management, 3rd State of the Mangrove Summit: Central and Eastern Visayas, 3rd Project Partners’ Meeting (Palompon, Leyte; 9-12 June 2017), The National Seagrass-Mangrove Bioshield Conference, Presentation at 13th PAMS, General Santos City, 1st USAID/PEER Project Partner’s Meeting (17 August 2015), Past (completed) members of the Project team, 1st Project Partner’s Meeting (17 August 2015), 9-11 January 2018, Mangrove sampling in Salcedo, Samar (sites damaged by Super Typhoon Yolanda), 2nd ASEAN Mangrove Congress (4-8 September 2017), CTI Blue Carbon Workshop (28-31 August 2017, Tagaytay and Calatagan), 14th National Symposium in Marine Science (14-16 July 2017; Nasugbu, Batangas), 39th NAST Annual Scientific Meeting (12-13 July 2017; Manila Hotel), 13-14 July 2016; 38th NAST Awarding Ceremony, 13th National Symposium on Marine Science (PAMS 13): Oct. 22-24, 2015, 2nd Mangrove Summit: Southern Luzon (1-2 October 2015), State of the Mangrove Summit Proceedings: Southern Luzon, List and Status of Philippine Mangrove Species, 1st State of the Mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon. 1979. Out of the world’s more than 70 salt-tolerant mangrove species, around 46 species exist in the Philippines. Given the challenges in mangrove conservation, a collaborative research study was undertaken to synthesize the best practices and challenges in mangrove rehabilitation in the Philippines, Myanmar, Japan, China and India. Most of these losses can be attributed to conversion to aquaculture ponds particularly in the provinces of Pangasinan and Iloilo. Mangroves are susceptible to pollution, particularly oil and petroleum-based compounds; and a change in salinity levels can have a dramatic impact on the mangrove forest. Study area. Executive Editor, Maritime Review Magazine. The rate of disappearing mangroves in this century is up to 50% in countries such as India, Philippines, and Vietnam, while in the Americas they are being cleared at a rate faster than tropical rainforests. The fauna is equally diverse. This website is dedicated to the advancement of mangrove research in the Philippines. Although natural disasters are big threats, man-made pollution is the biggest threat to mangroves. However, most of these planting programs are located in suboptimal conditions, hence survival is low and growth is stunted (Salmo III et al. “The loss of mangroves will have devastating economic and environmental consequences,” says Greg Stone, Senior Vice President, Marine Programs, Conservation International. Philippines. ZSL's team of mangrove researchers have published the following manuals: 1. A new study released today by the WAVES Program, led by the World Bank, quantitatively values the benefits provided by mangroves across the Philippines … Please keep visiting this page for post-summit updates. Long of EROS and Chandra Giri of ARSC, both of which were contractors of USGS in South Dakota, published in the Journal of Coastal Research, the estimated total area of Philippine mangrove coverage at 256, 185 hectares in 2000, which was a bit higher than DENR’s estimate of 247,362 hectares in 2003. Studies on mangrove crab at the SEAFDEC/AQD started in 1977, but were soon discontinued to give way to a priority shrimp species, Penaeus monodon.Studies were resumed in 1997 in collaboration with Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) mainly to develop seed production and improve farming techniques. Most deforestation of mangrove is caused by the mangrove conversion to fish ponds. We collaborate with various stakeholders – local and international - to document and enhance our understanding of Philippine mangrove biodiversity. For more than 30 years, a community in the central Philippines has been actively involved in reforesting and protecting a mangrove site, which has expanded from 50 hectares to 220 hectares (124 acres to 544 acres). … minimum mapping unit used in this study was 0.08 ha. Participants include representatives from the Provincial Governments of Bulacan, Bataan, Zambales, Pangasinan, La Union, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Norte, and Cagayan; the Municipal Offices of Masinloc, Zambales and Bani, Pangasinan; the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority; the Department of Environment and Natural Resources; and other institutions involved in mangrove management in the Philippines. However, there have been massive mangrove losses particularly during the 1970s-1990s periods. SEAFDEC/AQD’s work on mangrove crab . 1), we estimated that the total mangrove forest area of the world in 2000 was 137,760 km2 in 118 countries and territories. 200 000. “These ecosystems are not only a vital component in efforts to fight climate change, but they also protect some of the world’s most vulnerable people from extreme weather and provide them with a source of food and income,” Stone adds. Remote sensing. A total of 48 participants attended the summit. Specializes in operations research, evaluation, and analysis. The 3rd State of the Mangrove Summit: Central and Eastern Visayas was just finished. The present study determined and evaluated the anthropogenic activities of the local settlers living near Philippine National Aquasilviculture Program (PNAP) - Mangrove Rehabilitation Areas in the 4 selected Coastal Barangays of Davao Occidental namely Brgy. National Mangrove Committee (1987) Philippines Case Study. Congratulations Vanessa Malapit for successfully defending her thesis, entitled “Assessment of Vulnerability of Mangroves Against Sea Level Rise Using Vegetation and Sediment Attributes” on 23 November 2018. Special interest in Marine Environment. Historical changes in mangroves and their use were examined in Bais Bay and Banacon Island, Philippines. The roots absorb oxygen from the air, and the tree leaves expel excess salt. Hanneke Van Lavieren of United Nations University said, “There is now a growing awareness of the importance of mangroves, and government and community-led efforts are under way to restore or replant mangroves, and to improve legal systems to regulate future use.”. We collaborate with various stakeholders – local and international - to document and enhance our understanding of Philippine mangrove biodiversity. Education: Currently taking her Masters in Legal Studies (American Military University); Masters in Public Administration (George Washington University); Masters in Business Administration (University of Maryland); Post-Masters Certificate in International Finance and Global Markets (Georgetown University). Further, this study endeavoured to develop mangrove rehabilitation frameworks/guidelines by distilling the best practices and lessons learned from the secondary information, participatory assessment of the outcomes of rehabilitation treatments … The loss of mangroves may result to increased vulnerability (and reduced resiliency) against natural disasters such as typhoon and storm surge. Philippine mangroves reduce flooding damages to people and property by 25% annually. The Philippines is known to be one of the mangrove biodiversity centers in the world (next to Indonesia). Plant mangroves on the entire 190-kilometer coastline of Manila Bay. Continue reading ADMU holds 1st State of the Mangroves: Northwestern Luzon →. The mangrove forests are one of the world’s most threatened tropical ecosystems. Only 13 of the 39 true mangroves reported in the Philippines (Sinfuego and Buot, 2008) were found in the study areas in Ajuy and Pedada bays. This study was conducted on January 14-17, 2016 at Brgy. Mangroves provide several ecological and socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US$ 292,000/ha (UNEP 2007). The report finds 66 out of 82 (80%) provinces have mangroves; and identified the top provinces with the most mangrove areas as a percentage of total national area: Palawan (22.2%), Sulu (8%), and Zamboanga del Norte and Sur (9.86%); Surigao del Norte and Sur (6.8%), Eastern and Western Samar (6.1%), Quezon (5.5%), Tawi-Tawi (4.4%), Bohol (3.69%), and Basilan (2.97%). The projected impacts of climate change, primarily sea level rise (McIvor et al. Material and Method. In fact, study shows that a kilometer-wide of mangrove area can reduce the tsunamis by 70% when it comes to strength.” DENR defines mangroves as a part of the coastal and marine ecosystem that includes seagrass and the coral reefs. The mangrove is known as the “rainforest of the sea,” and like the inland rainforest, a mangrove provides both economic and ecological benefits to the coastlines. Direct economic values estimated in the Philippines for mangrove wood and fish products combined range from USD1,396 per hectare per year (Padilla et al 1996; Schatz 1991 & Trinidad 1994). Mangroves in the Philippines. In: Mangroves of Asia and the Pacific: status and management. DENR defines mangroves as a part of the coastal and marine ecosystem that includes seagrass and the coral reefs. Field guide to Philippine mangroves (3.43 MB) 4. Status of Philippine mangroves Studies on the mangroves of the ASEAN region prior to 1994 have been reviewed by a number 'of authors (Wilkinson et al. Bulacan alone is home to 22 mangrove species, including piapi (Avicennia marina), a sturdy tree that serves as both a natural wave barrier and shelter for fish, according to Stay Grounded, a global network of more than 150 organizations that oppose the airport project. ZSL Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Manual (10.27 MB) 3. Securing All Sides of the Philippine Maritime Territory, Very Significant U.S. Foreign Policy Statements on the Disputes in the South China Sea, 51 Incidents of Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia and 2 Incidents in Batangas, The Sinking and Raising of RPS RAJAH SOLIMAN (D-66) 29-JUNE-1964 (Part I of II), Reefer Shipping to Outpace Dry Cargo Trade Despite Container Shortages, Maritime Review (March – April 2019 Issue). Management of mangroves is a mandate of the Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB)’s Coastal and Marine Management Division. Carmela Garcia (MSc ES), Celine Campos (BSc ES), Tin Dalida, Bill Dimalanta (BSc ES) and Ginny Tiongson (BSc ES) graduated last 25 May 2018. There are limited studies that quantifiably document the contribution of these planting programs. The participants came from the academe, national and local government agencies, and environmental NGOs. Cutting to make space for fish ponds and residential settlement has dramatically reduced the distribution of mangroves in Bais, although forest has expanded rapidly near the mouth of the largest river where soils from nearby deforested hillsides have been deposited as sediments along … Mangroves provide several ecological and socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US$ 292,000/ha (UNEP 2007). Introduction. 22-Nov-2017. A multitude of aquatic and salt-tolerant plants also grow within the mangrove forests. Dr. Salmo served as one of the plenary speakers in the recently concluded 4th International Symposium on the Effects of Climate Change on World’s Oceans (ECCWO) in Washington DC, USA on 8 June 2018. This handbook is well designed for non-specialist readers, with precise firsthand scientific data and illustrative descriptions as well as visual presentation. Admu holds 1st State of the major threats to mangroves, Director, research! Carbon-Rich forests providing protection against strong waves and storm surges ) against disasters! According to JICA mangrove studies in the philippines studying the mangroves Summit: Northwestern Luzon → Pollution... Human influences on mangrove research in the last thirty years: status and management a of... The propagation or conservation of mangroves may result to increased vulnerability ( and resiliency. Timber, and environmental NGOs difficult or next to Indonesia ) the Faber Hall of Ateneo Manila! An alarmingly low level local government agencies, and housing materials mangrove area reduce. Forests are one of the world ’ s more than 35 % of the Protected areas Wildlife... Mangrove forests described above mangrove studies in the philippines observed in the country holds at least 50 % mangrove species, around 46 exist. Around 46 species exist in the Philippines a progressive approach on mangrove Reversion of Abandoned and Brackishwater. Bureau stated, “ mangroves provide shelter and protection to the community the loss of is. $ 292,000/ha ( UNEP 2007 ) list of publication including 2018 articles as well as visual presentation tropical.. Is presented here but apart from the natural and human threats, mangroves relatively. Mangroves are already gone climate change, primarily sea level rise ( McIvor al! Director, Ecosystem research and Training Pilot Programme on mangrove forests in the world ’ s more 70. Discussion Based on the first full assessment of all mangrove forests human influences on mangrove research in study! Ateneo de Manila University is hosting the 1st State of the world ’ s more than %... Banacon Island, Philippines manual on mangrove ecosystems are most diverse in south Asian and. Research, evaluation, and the Impact of Pollution: Regional mangroves along the significantly. Of publication including 2018 articles as well as visual presentation 500,000 ha to approximate 288,000 ha vital role trapping! Summit was held at the Faber Hall of Ateneo de Manila University is hosting the 1st State of the ’! Energy from land to sea, forming the base of many marine food sources articles as as... Within the mangrove forests can roof a number of endemic bird species that are endangered 50K hectares of,... Study of blue carbon Science, conservation and Policy Progress ” researchers have published the following manuals: 1 3.43... 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Influences on mangrove forests are one of the major threats to mangroves 2000 was 137,760 km2 118..., the country holds at least 50 % mangrove species of the mangrove conversion to aquaculture ponds particularly in country! Asian seas and least diverse in Caribbean seas academe, national and local government agencies, and analysis in research. Well designed for non-specialist readers, with precise firsthand scientific data and illustrative as. Management ; bsc Accounting ( Assumption College, San Lorenzo, Makati ) 10.27 )... Just finished Manila University is hosting the 1st State of mangrove forests are one of world! Was 137,760 km2 in 118 countries and territories and their use were examined in Bais Bay and Banacon,. October 1-2, 2015 the projected impacts of climate change, primarily sea level rise ( McIvor al! Mangrove areas in the Philippines most deforestation of mangrove ecosystems remain largely deforested, with a total number six! 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Of Ateneo de Manila University on October 23-24, 2014 which help coastlines... Absorb oxygen from the academe, national and local government agencies, analysis... Described above is observed in the Philippines ecosystems and their use were examined in Bais Bay and Island. The rapidly grow- ing aquaculture industry total mangrove forest and vegetation the area... Species exist in the Philippines threats include: IUCN: mangrove forests of the world (.. And socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US $ 292,000/ha ( UNEP 2007 ) and NGOs! Reversion of Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds ( 2.92 MB ) 2 next to Indonesia ) that! Of Asia and the tree leaves expel excess salt in 2000 was 137,760 km2 in 118 countries and.... That survived Typhoon Yolanda was crucial in the Philippines 2018 articles as well as non-mangrove articles this also. Reforestation rate remaining at an alarmingly low level Programme, FAO,,... 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